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HTML Quick Reference

HTML Skeleton

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
  <head>
    <meta charset="utf-8">
    <title>Title</title>
  </head>
  <body>
  </body>
</html>

Headers

<h1>Header</h1>
<h2>Header</h2>
<h2>Header</h2>
<h4>Header</h4>
<h5>Header</h5>
<h6>Header</h6>

Paragraphs and more

<p>Paragraph content.</p>
<em>emphasized content, styled italic by default</em>
<strong>strong content, styled bold by default</strong>

Images

<img src="name-of-my-image.png">
<img src="http://www.othersite.com/image-name.jpg">

Links

<a href="#anchor">Scroll to element on the current page with id "anchor"</a>
<a href="my-other-page.html">Go to a page on my site</a>
<a href="my-other-page.html" target="_blank">Open a new window for a page on my site</a>
<a href="http://www.othersite.com/">Go to a page on some other site</a>
<a href="http://www.othersite.com/" target="_blank">Open a new window for a page on some other site</a>

Lists

Lists can be ordered (styled with numbers by default) or unordered (styled with bullets by default). Both contain list items with the actual content of the list.

<ol>
  <li>First list item</li>
  <li>Second list item</li>
</ol>
<ul>
  <li>One list item</li>
  <li>Another list item</li>
</ul>

Lists can be nested.

<ul>
  <li>One list item
    <ul>
      <li>A list item nested under "One list item"</li>
      <li>Another nest list item</li>
    </ul>
  </li>
  <li>Another list item</li>
</ul>

Containers

Divs and spans are generic containers used to organize HTML. Often, they are given ids and classes so that they can be given specific styling.

<div>The content in the div</div>
<span>span content</span>

Ids and Classes

Ids and classes provide a way to use CSS to target specific element(s). Many tags can have the same class. Only one tag can have a particular id. Any tag can be given an id and classes.

<tagname id="a-name-uniquely-identifying-this-element">content</tagname>
<tagname class="one-class another-class">content</tagname>

If you find something that could be improved, please make a pull request or drop us a note via GitHub Issues (no technical knowledge required).

Source: https://github.com/RailsBridge-CapeTown